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Sediment and water quality monitoring for the Vermilion River and Little Vermilion River watersheds
- The Vermilion River and Little Vermilion River watersheds lie in seven counties in east-central Illinois and west-central Indiana. The drainage areas of the Vermilion River and Little Vermilion River at their confluences with the Wabash River are 1434 and 244 square miles, respectively. The Vermilion River meets the Wabash River at river mile 257.4 and has three tributaries: North Fork, Middle Fork, and Salt Fork. The Little Vermilion River is a direct tributary of the Wabash River at river mile 247.8. Lake Vermilion, a 660-acre impounded reservoir located on the North Fork Vermilion River, is the main municipal drinking water supply for the City of Danville, Illinois. The Little Vermilion River is the main tributary for the 63-acre Georgetown Reservoir, the municipal drinking water supply for the community of Georgetown, Illinois. Approximately 88 percent of the watersheds for both rivers are in agricultural production with approximately 5 percent in forest/woodlands and wetlands. The Illinois State Water Survey (ISWS) conducted a two-year watershed monitoring study of the Vermilion River and Little Vermilion River watersheds for the Vermilion River Ecosystem Partnership-Conservation 2000 Ecosystem Program. The purpose was to assist the partnership by establishing a baseline of hydrologic and water quality data to provide a better understanding of the cumulative impacts of future best management practices implemented in the watersheds. The ISWS established a streamgaging station on the Little Vermilion River near Sidell and monitored the hydrology, sediment, and nitrate-nitrogen (nitrate-N) there and at three U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) streamgaging sites in the Vermilion River watershed (Middle Fork Vermilion River above Oakwood, North Fork Vermilion River near Bismarck, and Vermilion River near Danville). Annual sediment loads for the three Vermilion River watershed stations were approximately three times higher than loads at the Little Vermilion station. The Middle Fork station had the highest sediment loads among the three Vermilion River stations for both project years. The North Fork station had the highest annual nitrate-N load for both monitoring years. In general, annual sediment and nitrate-N loads were lower during the first monitoring year, due to below average spring season runoff. Sampling for three pesticides (atrazine, alachlor, and metolachlor) was done on a weekly basis from June to October 2002. Atrazine was the only pesticide detected during this period. The highest level sampled was 20.93 micrograms per liter (and#956;g/L) and, and all others were below 2.65 and#956;g/L.
Originally Deposited as: 999999994403
Phone Number: Language(s): EN-English Volume or Year: 2003
Number or Issue: Date Created: 9 24 2004
Date Last Modified: 7 6 2004 Librarian Remarks:
Access This Publication1. Sediment and water quality monitoring for the Vermilion River and Little Vermilion River watersheds (20061003183857_ISWSCR2003-06.pdf).
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